Friends of Paynes Prairie, Inc.

Plant List

Paynes Prairie's vascular flora has 720 species in 408 genera in 135 families. This represents close to one third of the total central Florida vascular flora (2,197 species) as listed by Richard P. Wunderlin's Guide to The Vascular Plants of Central Florida.

Acknowledgements
This list is a collective effort by a number of volunteers and staff who have donated generously of their time and technical expertise. Two floristic studies have been completed at the preserve. The first was done by Janet C. Easterday (Patton) A Flora of Paynes Prairie Basin and Alachua Sink Hammock- 1981 and the second by Martha Caroline Easley Vascular Flora of the Southern Upland Property of Paynes Prairie, Alachua County, Florida-1989. Both studies were for the partial fulfillment of their Master of Science degrees (thesis) for the graduate school at the University of Florida, Gainesville. Voucher specimens have been placed in the University of Florida Herbarium, Gainesville, Fl. and the Paynes Prairie State Preserve Visitor Center Herbarium, Micanopy, Fl. Special thanks also go to Dr. Walter S. Judd, Dr. David Hall, Kent Perkins, Dr. Dan Ward, Jim Weimer, Don Younker, Bob Simons, Howard Adams, and others for their contributions.

*Introduced species

*** Invasive/problematic
+Endangered & potentially endangered species

ACERACEAE

Acer rubrum Red maple

Acer negundo Box elder

ADOXACEAE

Sambucus canadensis Elderberry

Viburnum nudum Possum-haw viburnum

Viburnum rufidulum Rusty black-haw

AGAVACEAE

Yucca flaccida Beargrass

ALISMATACEAE

Sagittaria graminea Narrow-lv. arrowroot

Sagittaria lancifolia Arrowroot

Sagittaria latifolia Wapato, Duck potatoe

Sagittaria stagnorum Water arrowhead

ALLIACEAE

Allium canadense Wild onion

AMARANTHACEAE

*Alternanthera canadense Alligator weed

Amaranthus australis Southern water hemp

Froelichia floridana Cottonweed

Iresine diffusa -

ANACARDIACEAE

Rhus copallina Winged sumac

Toxicodendron radicans Poison-ivy

ANNONACEAE

Asimina incarna Flag pawpaw

Asimina longifolia Pawpaw

Asimina parviflora Small fruited pawpaw

Asimina pygmaea Pawpaw

Asimina reticulata Pawpaw

APIACEAE

Apium leptophyllum Marsh parsley

Centella asiatica Coinwort

Chaerophyllum tainturieri Wild chervil

Eryngium aromaticum Fragrant eryngium

Eryngium baldwinii Matted button snakeroot

Eryngium yuccifolium Button snakeroot

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides Floating pennywort

Hydrocotyle umbellata Marsh pennywort

Hydrocotyle verticillata Whorled pennywort

Ptilimnium capillaceum Mock bishop's-weed

APOCYNACEAE

Cynanchum scoparium Milkweed vine

Trachelospermum difforme Climbing dogbane

AQUIFOLIACEAE

+Ilex ambigua Carolina holly

+Ilex cassine Dahoon

Ilex coriacea Large gallberry

Ilex glabra Gallberry

Ilex opaca American holly

Ilex vomitoria Yaupon holly

ARACEAE

Arisaema dracontium Green dragon

Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit

*** Colocasia esculentum Wild taro

Orontium aquaticum Golden club

Peltandra sagittifolia Spoonflower

Peltandra virginica Green arum

***Pistia stratiotes Water-lettuce

ARALIACEAE

Aralia spinosa Devil's walking stick

Cicuta mexicana Water hemlock

Sanicula canadensis Snakeroot

ASCLEPIADACEAE

Asclepias cinerea Milkweed

Asclepias humistrata Milkweed

Asclepias pedicellata Milkweed

Asclepias perennis Aquatic milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly weed

+Matelea floridana Florida matelea

Matelea gonocarpa Angle-pod

ASPLENIACEAE

+Asplenium platyneuron Ebony spleenwort

BEGONIACEAE

*Begonia cucullata Perpetual begonia

BETULACEAE

Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam

Ostrya virginiana Hophornbeam

BIGNONIACEAE

Bignonia capreolata Cross-vine

Campsis radicans Trumpet vine

BLECHNACEAE

+Woodwardia areolata Netted chain fern

Woodwardia virginica Virginia chain fern

BORAGINACEAE

*Heliotropium amplexicaule Helitrope

BROMELIACEAE

+Tillandsia bartramii Air plant, wildpine

Tillandsia recurvata Ball-moss

Tillandsia usneoides Spanish moss

CABOMBACEAE

Cabomba caroliniana Fanwort

CACTACEAE

Opuntia humifusa Prickly-pear cactus

CALLITRICHACEAE

Callitriche

heterophylla Starwort

Callitriche peploides Starwort

CAMPANULACEAE

Lobelia paludosa Lobelia

Triodanis perfoliata Venus' looking-glass

*Wahlenbergia marginata

CANNACEAE

Canna flaccida Canna

CAPRIFOLIACEAE

*Lonicera japonica Japanese honeysuckle

Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle

CARYOPHYLLACEAE

Arenaria lanuginosa Sandwort

*Cerastium glomeratum

Paronychia baldwinii Whitlow-wort

CARYOPHYLLACEAE

Sagina decumbens Pearlwort

Silene antirrhina Sleepy catchfly

*Stellaria media Chick-weed

Stipulicida setacea

CELASTRACEAE

Euonymus americanus Heart's-a-busting

CERATOPHYLLACEAE

Ceratophyllum demersum Hornwort

CHENOPODIACEAE

*Chenopodium album Lamb's quarter's

*Chenopodium ambrosioides Mexican tea

CHRYSOBALANACEAE

Licania michauxii Gopher apple

CISTACEAE

Helianthemum carolinianum

Helianthemum corymbosum

Lechea mucronata Pinweed

Lechea torreyi Pinweed

COMMELINACEAE

Commelina erecta Dayflower

Cuthbertia rosea

*Murdannia keisak Marsh dayflower

*Tradescantia fluminensis Wandering Jew

Tradescantia ohiensis Spiderwort

COMPOSITAE or ASTERACEAE

Acmella repens Button of gold

Ageratina juncunda

Ambrosia artemisiifolia Ragweed

*Anthemis cotula Mayweed

Aster dumosus Bushy aster

Aster elliottii Elliott's aster

Aster reticulatus White-topped aster

Aster tortifolius White-topped aster

Aster subulatus Annual marsh aster

Baccharis halimifolia Saltbush

Baccharis glomeruliflora Groundsel tree

Balduina angustifolia

Bidens alba Common beggar's tick

Bidens bipinnata Spanish Needles

Bidens laevis Bur-marigold

Bidens mitis Marsh beggar-tick

Boltonia diffusa Doll's daisy, false aster

Carphephorus corymbosus

Carphephorus odoratissimus Deer tongue

Carphephorus paniculatus

Chrysopsis gossypina Golden aster

Chrysopsis mariana Golden aster

Chrysopsis subulata Golden aster

Cirsium horridulum Horrid thistle

Cirsium nuttallii Nuttall's thistle

*Conyza bonariensis

COMPOSITAE or ASTERACEAE

Conyza canadensis Horseweed

Coreopsis leavenworthii Common tickseed

*Eclipta prostrata

Elephantopus carolinianus Leafy elephant's foot

Elephantopus elatus Florida. elephant's foot

Elephantopus nudatus Purple elephant's foot

Erechtites hieracifolia Fireweed

Erigeron quercifolius Daisy fleabane

Erigeron strigosus Daisy fleabane

Erigeron vernus

Eupatorium capillifolium Dog fennel

Eupatorium compositifolium Dog fennel

Eupatorium mohrii

Eupatorium rotundifolium False hoarhound

Eupatorium serotinum Late boneset

Euthamia tenuifolia Flat-topped goldenrod

Gnaphalium obtusifolium Sweet everlasting

Gnaphalium pensilvanicum Rabbit tobacco

Gnaphalium purpureum Purple cudweed

Haplopappus divaricatus Scratch daisy

Helianthus angustifolius Sunflower

Helianthus radula Rayless sunflower

Heterotheca subaxillaris Camphor plant

Hieracium gronovii Hawkweed

Hieracium megacephalon Hawks beard

Krigia virginica Dwarf dandelion

Lactuca graminifolia Blue lettuce

Liatris gracilis Blazing star

Liatris laevigata Blazing star

Melanthera nivea Cat tongue

Mikania cordifolia Climbing hempweed

Mikania scandens Climbing hemp vine

Palafoxia integrifolia

Phoebanthus grandiflora

Pityopsis graminifolia Silver sword

Pluchea foetida

*Pluchea odorata Salt marsh fleabane

Pluchea rosea Godfrey's fleabane

Pterocaulon pycnostachyum Blackroot

Pyrrhopappus carolinianus False dandelion

Senecio glabellus Butterweed

Solidago fistulosa Goldenrod

Solidago gigantea Giant goldenrod

Solidago latissimifolia Goldenrod

COMPOSITAE or ASTERACEAE

Solidago leavenworthii Goldenrod

Solidago odora var. chapmanii Goldenrod

*Sonchus asper Spiny-lv. sow thistle

*Sonchus oleraceus Common sow-thistle

Verbesina virginica Frost weed

Vernonia angustifolia Narrow-leafed ironweed

Vernonia gigantea Ironweed

*Veronica peregrina Purslane speedwell

Xanthium strumarium Cocklebur

CONVOLVULACEAE

Calystegia sepium

Cuscuta compacta Dodder

Dichondra caroliniensis Pony-foot

*Ipomoea hederifolia Ivy-leaf morning glory

*Ipomoea macrorhiza

Ipomoea pandurata Wild potato vine

Ipomoea trichocarpa Sharp-pod morning glory

CORNACEAE

Cornus asperifolia Rough-leaf Cornel

Cornus florida Flowering dogwood

CRUCIFERAE or BRASSICACEAE

*Capsella rubella Shepherd's purse

*Cardamine hirsuta Bitter-cress

*Cardamine parviflora Sm. fl. bitter-cress

Cardamine pensylvanica Bitter-cress

Descurainia pinnata Tansy mustard

Lepidium virginicum Peppergrass

*Nasturtium officinale Watercress

*Raphanus raphanistrum Wild radish

Rorippa palustris Marsh-cress

*Sisymbrium officinale Hedge mustard

CUCURBITACEAE

Cayaponia grandiflora

Melothria pendula Creeping cucumber

CUPRESSACEAE

Juniperus. silicicola Southern red cedar

Taxodium distichum Bald cypress

CYPERACEAE

Carex albolutescens Sedge

Carex comosa Bottle-brush sedge

Carex dasycarpa Sedge

Carex fissa Sedge

Carex frankii Sedge

Carex glaucescens Sedge

Carex intumescens Sedge

Carex lupulina Hop sedge

Carex retroflexa Sedge

Carex stipata Sedge

*Bulbostylis barbata Watergrass

Bulbostylis ciliatifolia Hairsedge

CYPERACEAE

Cladium jamaicense Saw-grass

*Cyperus esculentus Yellow nutgrass

Cyperus globulosus Sedge

Cyperus lecontei Sedge

Cyperus polystachyos Texas sedge

Cyperus retrorsus Galingale

Cyperus sesquiflorus Sedge

Cyperus strigosus Sedge

Cyperus surinamensis Sedge

Cyperus virens Sedge

Dulichium arundinaceum Three-way sedge

Eleocharis acicularis Spike-rush

Eleocharis baldwinii Roadgrass

Eleocharis equisetoides Spike-rush

Eleocharis montevidensis Spike-rush

Eleocharis quadrangulata Four-sided sedge

Eleocharis vivipara Sprouting spike-rush

Fimbristylis caroliniana Fingerush

Fimbristylis dichotoma

Fuirena scirpoidea Umbrella-grass

Rhynchospora caduca Beakrush

Rhynchospora colorata White-topped sedge

Rhynchospora corniculata Hornedrush

Rhynchospora fascicularis Beakrush

Rhynchospora microcarpa Beakrush

Rhynchospora microcephala Beakrush

Scirpus cyperinus Bulrush

Scirpus etuberculatus Bulrush

Scirpus validus Softstem bulrush

Scleria ciliata Nutrush

Scleria triglomerata Nutrush

DENNSTAEDTIACEAE

Pteridium aquilinum Bracken

DIOSCOREACEAE

***Dioscorea bulbifera Air-potato

Dioscorea floridana Wild yam

DROSERACEAE

Drosera brevifolia Sundew

EBENACEAE

Diospyros virginiana Persimmon

ERICACEAE

Befaria racemosa Tarflower

Gaylussacia dumosa Dwarf huckleberry

Gaylussacia nana Dangleberry

Gaylussacia tomentosa Dangleberry

Kalmia hirsuta Wicky

Leucothoe racemosa Fetter-bush

Lyonia ferruginea Rusty lyonia

Lyonia fruticosa Staggerbush

Lyonia ligustrina Maleberry

Lyonia lucida Fetterbush

Monotropa uniflora Indian pipes

Vaccinium arboreum Tree sparkleberry

Vaccinium fuscatum Highbush blueberry

Vaccinium myrsinites Shiny blueberry

Vaccinium stamineum Deerberry

ERIOCAULACEAE

Eriocaulon compressum Bog button

ERIOCAULACEAE

Lachnocaulon beyrichianum Bog button

Syngonanthus flavidulus Bantam-buttons

ESCALLONIACEAE

Itea virginica Virginia willow

EUPHORBIACEAE

Acalypha gracilens Three-seeded mercury

*Aleurites fordii Tung

Chamaesyce hyssopifolia Eyebane

Chamaesyce maculata Milk purslane

Cnidoscolus stimulosus Treadsoftly, spurge nettle

Croton glandulosus Croton

Crotonopsis linearis Rushfoil

Euphorbia cyathophora Painted-leaf

***Ricinus communis Castor-bean

***Sapium sebiferum Chinese tallow tree

Stillingia sylvatica Queen's-root

FAGACEAE

Quercus austrina Bluff oak

Quercus chapmanii Chapman's oak

Quercus falcata Southern red oak

Quercus geminata Scrub live oak

Quercus hemisphaerica Laurel oak

Quercus incana Bluejack oak

Quercus laevis Turkey oak

Quercus laurifolia Laurel oak

Quercus margaretta Sand post oak

Quercus michauxii Swamp chestnut oak

Quercus minima Dwarf live oak

Quercus nigra Water oak

Quercus pumila Running oak

Quercus virginiana Live oak

FUMARIACEAE

Corydalis micrantha Harlequin

GENTIANACEAE

Sabatia brevifolia White sabatia

GERANIACEAE

Geranium carolinianum Cranesbill

GRAMINEAE or POACEAE

Agrostis hiemalis Spring bentgrass

Andropogon brachystachyus Short spike bluestem

Andropogon glomeratus

var. glaucopsis Bushy beard grass

Andropogon glomeratus

var. pumilus Bushy beard grass

Andropogon virginicus

var. glaucus Broomsedge

Andropogon virginicus

var. virginicus Broomsedge

Aristida purpurescens Arrowfeather

Aristida spiciformis Bottlebrush threeawned

Aristida stricta Wiregrass

Arundinaria gigantea Switch cane

Axonopus affinis Common carpetgrass

Axonopus caroliniana

Bromus unioloides Rescuegrass

Cenchrus echinatus Southern sand-spur

Cenchrus incertus Sand-spur

GRAMINEAE or POACEAE

Chasmanthium laxum Spikegrass

Chasmanthium sessiliflorum Spikegrass

*Cynodon dactylon Bermudagrass

Digitaria bicornus Tropical crabgrass

Digitaria ciliaris Southern crabgrass

Echinochloa walteri Coastal cockspur

*Eleusine indica Goosegrass

*Eragrostis barrelieri Mediterranean lovegrass

Eragrostis spectabilis Purple lovegrass

Erianthus giganteus Sugarcane plumegrass

Eustachys petraea Fingergrass

Hordeum pusillum Little barley

***Imperata cylindrica Cogongrass

Leersia hexandra Southern cutgrass

*Lolium perenne English ryegrass

Luziola fluitans Watergrass

Muhlenbergia schreberi Nimblewill

Oplismenus setarius Woodsgrass

Panicum anceps Beaked panicum

Panicum ciliatum Fringed panicum

Panicum commutatum Variable panicum

Panicum dichotomiflorum Fall panicum

Panicum dichotomum

Panicum hemitomum Maidencane

Panicum lanuginosum Wooly panicum

Panicum laxiflorum

*Panicum repens Torpedo grass

Panicum tenue White-edged panicum

Paspalidium geminatum Egyptian paspalidium

*Paspalum dilatatum Dallis grass

Paspalum laeve Field paspalum

***Paspalum notatum Bahia grass

Paspalum paspalodes Knot grass

Paspalum repens Water paspalum

Paspalum setaceum Thin paspalum

*Paspalum urvillei Vaseygrass

Phalaris caroliniana Carolina canarygrass

Piptochaetium avenaceus Blackseed needlegrass

*Poa annua Annual bluegrass

*Polypogon monspeliensis Rabbitfootgrass

*Rhynchelytrum repens Natalgrass

Sacciolepis striata American cupscale

Setaria geniculata Knotroot foxtail

Setaria magna Giant bristlegrass

Sorghastrum secundum Lopside indiangrass

*Sorghum halepense Johnsongrass

Sphenopholis obtusata Prairie wedgescale

*Sporobolus indicus Smutgrass

Tridens flavus Tall redtop, purpletop

Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern gamagrass

Vulpia octoflora Common six weeks grass

Zizaniopsis milacea Southern wild rice

GUTTIFERAE or CLUSIACEAE

Hypericum cistifolium St. John's-wort

Hypericum crux-andreae St. Peter's-wort

GUTTIFERAE or CLUSIACEAE

Hypericum gentianoides Pineweed

Hypericum hypericoides St. Andrew's-cross

Hypericum mutilum Dwarf St. John's-wort

Hypericum reductum St. John's-wort

Hypericumtetrapetalum St. John's-wort

Triadenum virginicum Marsh St. John's-wort

Triadenum walteri Marsh St. John's-wort

HAEMODORDACEAE

Lachnanthes caroliniana Redroot

HALORAGACEAE

*Myriophyllumaquaticum Parrot feather

Proserpinaca

palustris Mermaid-weed

HAMAMELIDACEAE

Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum

HYDROCHARITACEAE

***Hydrilla verticillata Hydrilla

Limnobium spongia Frog's-bit

HYDROPHYLLACEAE

Hydrolea quadrivalvis Hairy hydrolea

HYPOXIDACEAE

Hypoxis juncea Yellow-star grass

Hypoxis leptocarpa Swamp yellow-star gr.

IRIDACAE

Iris hexagona Prairie iris

Sisyrinchium atlanticum Blue-eyed grass

JUGLANDACEAE

Carya aquatica Water hickory

Carya glabra Pignut hickory

Carya tomentosa Mockernut hickory

JUNCACEAE

Juncus acuminatus Rush

*Juncus bufonius Toad rush

Juncus coriaceus Rush

Juncus dichotomus Two-parted rush

Juncus effusus Soft rush

Juncus elliottii Bog rush

Juncus marginatus Shore rush

Juncus megacephalus Large head rush

Juncus scirpoides Rush

LABIATAE or LAMIACEAE

Hyptis alata Musky mint

*Hyptis mutabilis

Lycopus rubellus Water hoarhound

Monarda punctata Horse mint

Salvia lyrata Lyre-leaf sage

Scutellaria incana Skullcap

Scutellaria integrifolia Skullcap

Stachys floridana Florida betony

Teuchrium canadense Wood sage

Trichostema dichotomum Forked blue-curls

LAURACEAE

***Cinnamomum camphora Camphor tree

LAURACEAE

Persea borbonia Redbay

Persea palustris Swampbay

LEGUUMINOSAE or FABACEAE

*Aeschynomene indica Indian joint vetch

Aeschynomene viscidula Joint-vetch

*Alysicarpus ovalifolius False monkeywort

Amorpha fruticosa Lead-plant

Amphicarpa bracteata Hog peanut

Apios americana Groundnut

Baptisia tinctoria Yellow wild indigo

Centrosema virginianum Butterfly pea

Cersis canadensis Redbud

Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge-pea

Chamaecrista nictitans Wild sensitive plant

Crotalaria pallida Rattlebox

Crotalaria purshii Rattlebox

Crotalaria rotundifolia Rabbit-bells

Crotalaria spectabilis Rattlebox

Desmodium ciliare Beggar lice

Desmodium glabellum Beggar lice

Desmodium incanum Tick clover

Desmodium paniculatum Lance-lved. beggarweed

Desmodium strictum Beggar lice

Desmodium tenuifolium Beggar lice

Desmodium tortuosum Beggar's ticks

Erythrina herbacea Coral bean

LEGUUMINOSAE or FABACEAE

Galactia macreei Milk-pea

Galactia regularis Milk-pea

Galactia volubilis Milk-pea

*Indigofera hirsuta Hairy indigo

*Indigofera suffruticosa

*Kummerowia striata Japanese clover

Lespedeza hirta Bush clover

Medicago lupulina Black medic

*Melilotus alba Sweet clover

Rhynchosia minima

*Sagotia triflora

Schrankia microphylla Sensitive-brier

*Senna obtusifolia Sicklepod, coffee weed

*Senna occidentalis Coffee senna

*Sesbania emerus Bequilla, prairie bean

*Sesbania punicea Rattlebox

*Sesbania vesicaria Bladderpod

Strophostyles umbellata Wild bean

Tephrosia chrysophylla Hoary-pea

Tephrosia hispidula Hoary-pea

Tephrosia spicata Hoary-pea

Trifolium carolinianum Carolina clover

*Trifolium repens Dutch white clover

Vicia acutifolia Sand vetch

LEMNACEAE

Lemna minor Small duckweed

LEMNACEAE

Lemna obscura Obscure duckweed

Lemna valdiviana Duckweed

Spirodela polyrhiza Giant duckweed

*Spirodela punctata  Duckweed

Wolffia columbiana Water meal

Wolffiella gradiata Mud-midget

Wolffiella oblonga Bog-mat

LENTIBULARIACEAE

+Pinguicula caerulea Blue butterwort

+Pinguicula lutea Yellow butterwort

+Pinguicula pumila Small butterwort

Utricularia fibrosa Bladderwort

Utricularia foliosa Flat-stem bladderwort

Utricularia gibba Cone-spur Bladderwort

Utricularia inflata Floating bladderwort

Utricularia subulata Bladderwort

LOGANIACEAE

Gelsemium sempervirens Yellow jessamine

Mitreola petiolata Miterwort

Polypremum procumbens Rustweed

LYCOPODIACEAE

Lycopodiella appressa Southern bog clubmoss

LYGODIACEAE

          *** Lygodium japonicum Japanese climbing fern

LYTHRACEAE

*Cuphea carthagensis Common waxweed

Decodon verticillatus Swamp loosestrife

*Lagerstroemia indica Crepe myrtle

Lythrum alatum Loosestrife

MAGNOLIACEAE

Magnolia grandiflora Southern magnolia

Magnolia virginiana Sweet bay

MALVACEAE

Hibiscus moscheutos Rose marsh mallow

Kosteletzkya virginica Seashore marsh mallow

Modiola caroliniana Carolina mallow

Sida acuta Broomweed

Sida rhombifolia Indian hemp

Urena lobata Caesar-weed

MELANTHACEAE

Aletris obovata Colic-root

MELASTOMACEAE

Rhexia mariana Pale meadow beauty

Rhexia petiolata

MELIACEAE

*Melia azedarach Chinaberry

MENYANTHACEAE

Nymphoides aquatica Floating hearts

MOLLUNGINACEAE

*Mollugo verticillata Carpet-weed

MORACEAE

Morus rubra Red mulberry

Parietaria floridana Florida pellitory

Parietaria praetermissa White pellitory

MYRICACEAE

Myrica cerifera Wax myrtle

MYRSINACEAE

          *** Ardisia crenatum Coral ardisia

NAJADACEAE

Najas guadalupensis Bushy pondweed

NELUMBONACEAE

Nelumbo lutea Yellow lotus

NYCTAGINACEAE

*Mirabilis jalapa Four-o'clock

NYMPHAEACEAE

Nuphar luteum Spatter-dock

Nymphaea mexicana Yellow water-lily

Nymphaea odorata White water-lily

NYSSACEAE

Nyssa sylvatica var. biflora Black tupelo

OLACACEAE

Ximenia americana Tallowwood, hog plum

OLEACEAE

Forestiera godfreyi Godfrey's privet

Forestiera ligustrina Privet

Fraxinus americana White ash

Fraxinus caroliniana Carolina ash

*Ligustrum sinense Chinese privet

Osmanthus americanus Wild olive

ONAGRACEAE

Gaura angustifolia Southern gaura

Ludwigia arcuata Long-stalked seedbox

Ludwigia decurrens Primrose willow

Ludwigia leptocarpa Hairy primrose willow

Ludwigia maritima Coastal plain seedbox

Ludwigia microcarpa Tiny seed box

Ludwigia octovalvis Seedbox

Ludwigia palustris Marsh purslane

*Ludwigia peruviana Primrose willow

ONAGRACEAE

Ludwigia pilosa Hairy seed box

Ludwigia suffruticosa Headed seed box

Oenothera laciniata Evening primrose

ORCHIDACEAE

+Corallorhiza wisteriana Spring coralroot

+Epidendrum conopseum Green-fly orchid

+Habenaria repens Water spider orchid

+Spiranthes praecox Gr. lv.-ladies-tresses

+Spiranthes tuberosa Little ladies'-tresses

+Spiranthes vernalis Spring ladies'-tresses

*Zeuxine streumatica

OSMUNDACEAE

+Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon fern

+Osmunda regalis Royal fern

OXALIDACEAE

*Oxalis corymbosa Pink wood sorrel

Oxalis florida Yellow wood sorrel

Oxalis rubra Violet wood sorrel

PALMAE or ARECACEAE

+Sabal minor Little blue stem palm

Sabal palmetto Cabbage palm

Serenoa repens Cabbage palm

PAPAVERACEAE

Argemone albiflora White prickly poppy

PASSIFLORACEAE

Passiflora incarnata Passion-flower, maypop

PHYTOLACCACEAE

Petiveria alliacea Guinea-hen weed

Phytolacca rigida Pokeweed

Rivina humilis Rouge-plant

PINACEAE

Pinus clausa Sand pine

Pinus elliottii Slash pine

Pinus palustris Longleaf pine

Pinus serotina Pond pine

Pinus taeda Loblolly pine

PLANTAGINACEAE

Plantago virginica Southern plantain

POLEMONIACEAE

*Phlox drummondii Annual garden phlox

POLYGALACEAE

Polygala grandiflora Milkwort

Polygala lutea Bog bachelor's button

Polygala nana Wild bachelor's button

+Polygala rugelii Yellow bchl.'s button

POLYGONACEAE

Polygonella gracilis Jointweed, wireweed

Polygonum densiflorum Smartweed

Polygonum hirsutum Hairy smartweed

Polygonum hydropiperoides Mild water-pepper

+Polygonum meisnerianum Mexican tear-thumb

Polygonum opelousanum Mild water-pepper

Polygonum pensylvanicum Pinkweed

Polygonum punctatum Dotted smartweed

Polygonum scandens False buckwheat

POLYGONACEAE

Polygonum setaceum Smartweed

Polygonum virginianum Jumpseed

*Rumex crispus Curly dock

Rumex hastatulus Hastate-leaved dock

Rumex verticillatus Swamp dock

POLYPODIACEAE

+Polypodium aureum Golden polypody

Polypodium polypodioides Resurrection fern

PONTEDERIACEAE

*** Eichhornia crassipes Water hyacinth

Pontederia cordata Pickerel-weed

PORTULACAEAE

*Portulaca amilis Broadleaf pink purslane

Talinum paniculatum

POTAMOGETONACEAE

Potamogeton foliosus Pondweed

PRIMULACEAE

Samolus parviflorus Water-pimpernel

PTERIDACEAE

+Adiantum tenerum Maidenhair fern

*Pteris multifida Spider brake

+Pteris vittata Ladder brake

RANUNCULACEAE

Clematis virginiana Virgin's bower

Ranunculus pusillus Lesser spearwort

RHAMNACEAE

Berchemia scandens Supplejack, rattan vine

Sageretia minutiflora Climbing buckthorn

ROSACEAE

Aronia arbutifolia Red chokeberry

Crataegus floridana Summer haw

Crataegus marshallii Parsley haw

Crataegus uniflora One-flowered haw

ROSACEAE

*Duchesnea indica Mock strawberry

Prunus caroliniana Cherry laurel

ROSACEAE

*Prunus persica Peach

Prunus serotina Black cherry

Prunus umbellata Flatwoods plum

*Pyrus communis Common pear

Rosa palustris Swamp rose

Rubus argutus Highbush blackberry

Rubus cuneifolius Sand blackberry

Rubus trivialis Southern dewberry

RUBIACEAE

Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush

Diodia teres Poor Joe

Diodia virginiana Buttonweed

Galium aparine Goosegrass

Galium hispidulum Bedstraw

Galium obtusum Bedstraw

Galium pilosum Bedstraw

Galium tinctorium Bedstraw

*Hedyotis corymbosa

Hedyotis procumbens Innocence

Hedyotis uniflora

Mitchella repens Partridge berry

Pentodon pentandrus

RUBIACEAE

*Richardia

brasiliensis

*Richardia scabra

RUTACEAE

*Citrus sinensis Sweet orange

*Poncirus trifoliata Hardy orange

Ptelea trifoliata Wafer ash

Zanthoxylem clava-herculis Toothache tree

SALICACEAE

Salix caroliniana Coastal plain willow

SALVINIACEAE

Azolla caroliniana Mosquito fern

Salvinia minima Water spangles

SAPINDACEAE

Sapindus saponaria Southern soapberry

SAPOTACEAE

Bumelia tenax Buckthorn

Bumelia lanuginosa False buckthorn

Bumelia reclinata

SARRACENIACEAE

+Sarracenia minor Hooded pitcher-plant

SAURURACEAE

Saururus cernuus Lizard's-tail

SCHIZAEACEAE

*Lygodium japonicum Japanese climbing fern

SCROPHULARIACEAE

Agalinis fasciculata False foxglove

Agalinis filifolia False foxglove

Bacopa caroliniana Blue hyssop

Bacopa inominata Water hyssop

Buchnera floridana Blue heart

Gratiola hispida Hedge hyssop

Gratiola virginiana Hedge hyssop

Linaria canadensis Oldfield toadflax

Linaria floridana Toadflax

Lindernia anagallidea False pimpernel

Mecardonia acuminata

SCROPHULARIACEAE

Micranthemum umbrosum Baby tears

Scoparia dulcis Sweet broom

Seymeria cassioides Black senna

Seymeria pectinata Senna

SMILACACEAE

Smilax auriculata Wild bamboo

Smilax bona-nox Catbrier

Smilax glauca Sawbriar

Smilax laurifolia Bamboo-vine

Smilax pumila Sarsaparilla vine

Smilax smallii Jackson-brier

Smilax tamnoides Hogbrier

Smilax walteri Coral greenbrier

SOLANACEAE

Phyllanthus

caroliniensis

*Phyllanthus tenellus

Physalis angulata Cutleaf ground cherry

Physalis heterophylla Ground cherry

Salpichroa origanifolia

Solanum americanum Common nightshade

Solanum capsicoides Soda-apple

Solanum carolinense Horse-nettle

*Solanum nigrescens Black nightshade

Solanum pseudogracile Lg. fl. bl. nightshade

THEACEAE

Gordonia lasianthus Loblolly bay

THELYPTERIDACEAE

*Thelypteris dentata Downy shield fern

+Thelypteris hispidula Hairy maiden fern

+Thelypteris interrupta

+Thelypteris kunthii Southern shield fern

+Thelypteris palustris Marsh fern

TILIACEAE

Tilia caroliniana Basswood

TURNERACEAE

Piriqueta caroliniana

TYPHACEAE

Sparganium americanum Bur-reed

Typha domingensis Southern cattail

Typha latifolia Common cattail

ULMACEAE

Celtis laevigata Sugarberry, hackberry

Ulmus alata Winged elm

Ulmus americana American elm

URTICACEAE

Boehmeria cylindrica False nettle

Urtica chamaedryoides Dwarf nettle

VALERIANACEAE

Valeriana scandens Valerian

VERBENACEAE

Callicarpa americana French mulberry

*Clerodendrum indicum Turk's turban

*Glandularia pulchella Moss verbena

*Lantana camara Lantana

Lippia nodiflora Match-heads

*Verbena bonariensis Verbena

*Verbena brasiliensis Vervain

*Verbena officinalis European verbena

VIOLACEAE

Viola affinis Violet

Viola esculenta Violet

Viola lanceolata Lance-leaved violet

Viola primulifolia Primrose-leaved violet

Viola septemloba Violet

Viola trilobata Violet

Viola walteri Violet

VISCACEAE

Phoradendron serotinum Mistletoe

VITACEAE

Ampelopsis arborea Pepper vine

Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper

Vitis aestivalis Summer grape

Vitis cinerea var. floridana Downy winter-grape

Vitis rotundifolia Muscadine, scuppernong

Vitis vulpina Frost grape

VITTARIACEAE

+Vittaria lineata Shoestring fern

XYRIDACEAE

Xyris brevifolia Yellow-eyed grass

Xyris caroliniana Yellow-eyed grass

Xyris difformis

Xyris fimbriata Yellow-eyed grass

*Xyris jupicai Yellow-eyed grass

Xyris platylepis Yellow-eyed grass ZINGIBERACEAE

*Hedychium coronarium Garland-flower

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